Psychiatric Residential Treatment Network of Services

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Psychosis is a symptom characterized as a disruption to an individual’s thoughts and perceptions, making it difficult for them to perceive what is real and what is not.


Facts about Psychosis

How is Psychosis Diagnosed?

Because there is not one specific cause for psychosis, it is important to receive a through and accurate diagnosis from a qualified healthcare professional.  Psychosis may be a symptom of a mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.  Typically, psychosis is diagnosed by excluding all other causes.

How Common Is Psychosis?

National Institutes of Health estimates that approximately 3% of Americans (3 out of 100 people) will experience psychosis at some time in their lives.

What causes Psychosis?

While there is not a specific cause of psychosis, it is thought to be a symptom of a mental illness, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Psychosis has also been attributed sleep deprivation, some general medical conditions, certain prescription medications, and the abuse of alcohol or other drugs.

How is Psychosis Treated?

Studies have shown that people who experience a psychosis typically have symptoms for more than a year before receiving treatment.  To reduce the duration of untreated psychosis, it is important to receive effective treatment as early as possible.  Medication stabilization is the first key in treating psychosis.  Additionally, reality testing therapies are important in assisting individuals as they become medically stabilized.  From there, treatment focuses on accepting the disorder, maintaining compliance with medications that relieve symptoms, and re-engaging in social and occupational activities.


The Impact of Psychosis on Patients and Families